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Started by the faceless man, May 27, 2023, 11:20 AM

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May 27, 2023, 11:20 AM Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 03:09 PM by the faceless man
May 25, 2023
Six years ago, Neo-Nazis marched from the shadows through Charlottesville, Virginia, chanting, "Jews will not replace us." With torches in hand, they spewed the same antisemitic bile and hate that were heard across Europe in the 1930s. What happened in Charlottesville—the horror of that moment, the violence that followed, and the threat it represented for American democracy—drove me to run for President. The very soul of our Nation was hanging in the balance. It still is today.

Repeated episodes of hate—including numerous attacks on Jewish Americans—have since followed Charlottesville, shaking our moral conscience as Americans and challenging the values for which we stand as a Nation. That is why I convened the first-ever United We Stand Summit at the White House in September 2022: to bring communities from across the country together to combat hate in all its forms—including the persistent scourge of antisemitism—that has long plagued our Nation. We must stand united—regardless of our backgrounds and beliefs—to affirm that an attack on any one group of us is an attack on us all and that hate can have no safe harbor in America.

Together, we must acknowledge and confront the reality that antisemitism is rising, both at home and abroad. Loud voices are normalizing this venom, but we must never allow it to become normal. Antisemitism threatens not only the Jewish community, but all Americans. People who peddle these antisemitic conspiracy theories and fuel racial, ethnic, and religious hatred against Jews also target other communities—including Black and brown Americans; Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders; LGBTQI+ individuals; Muslim Americans; women and girls; and so many others.

Our intelligence agencies have determined that domestic terrorism rooted in white supremacy—including antisemitism—is the greatest terrorist threat to our Homeland today.

By seeking to turn the masses against the few, by scapegoating and dehumanizing others—and most of all—by stoking violence, the perpetrators of hate aim to upend our most cherished values and undermine our efforts to build a culture of respect, peace, and cooperation. Protecting the Jewish community from antisemitism is essential to our broader fight against all forms of hate, bigotry, and bias—and to our broader vision of a thriving, inclusive, and diverse democracy.
History teaches that hate never fully goes away; it only hides until it is given just a little oxygen. That is why we must confront antisemitism early and aggressively whenever and wherever it emerges from the darkness.

Toward that aim, my Administration has developed the first U.S. National Strategy to Counter Antisemitism. It represents the most ambitious and comprehensive U.S. government-led effort to fight antisemitism in American history. It also brings Americans together—regardless of our backgrounds and beliefs—to stand united against the hate, racism, bigotry, and violence that have long haunted our Nation. The Strategy outlines a whole-of-society effort to combat antisemitism, including unprecedented, coordinated, and bold actions that will be implemented across government agencies, as well as calls to action for public officials, private sector leaders, and Americans from every sector, industry, and walk of life. The Strategy—which reflects input from over 1,000 Jewish community stakeholders, faith and civil rights leaders, State and local officials, and more—also serves as a blueprint for tackling other forms of bigotry, hate, and bias that fuel toxic divisions in America.

Fortunately, what the Neo-Nazi marchers in Charlottesville did not account for was the extraordinary decency of the vast majority of Americans and the simple truth that we are a great Nation because we are a good people. A people that derives strength from our diversity and from the commitment of each successive generation to push us closer to realizing the promise of America for all Americans. It is a promise founded on the belief that we are all created equal and deserve to be treated equally throughout our lives. While we have never fully lived up to that promise, we have never walked away from it either. And we will never stop fighting until we all see each other as we should—as fellow human beings.

Through this U.S. National Strategy to Counter Antisemitism, we are taking a historic step forward. I am proud to lead my Administration's efforts to counter antisemitism, and I urge all Americans to join me in ensuring that in America, evil will not win. Hate will not prevail. The venom and violence of antisemitism will not be the story of our time. The power lies within each of us to transform that story. To rise together against hate. To show the world who we are. And to restore the soul of America together.  - Joe Biden


FACT SHEET: Biden-⁠Harris Administration Releases First-Ever U.S. National Strategy to Counter Antisemitism

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May 27, 2023, 11:26 AM #1 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:30 AM by the faceless man
Every actor and sector must do its part, and the Biden-Harris Administration will lead in mobilizing this whole-of-society response across four pillars:

Pillar 1: Increase awareness and understanding of antisemitism, including its threat to America, and broaden appreciation of Jewish American heritage
Pillar 2: Improve safety and security for Jewish communities
Pillar 3: Reverse the normalization of antisemitism and counter antisemitic discrimination
Pillar 4: Build cross-community solidarity and collective action to counter hate
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May 27, 2023, 11:27 AM #2 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:50 AM by the faceless man
Pillar 1: Increase Awareness and Understanding of Antisemitism, Including its Threat to America, and Broaden Appreciation of Jewish American Heritage

Increasing awareness and understanding of antisemitism must be coupled with a commitment to broadening appreciation of Jewish American heritage. We must tell the positive story of Jewish contributions to the United States and the world. Consistent with the Biden-Harris Administration's comprehensive approach to advancing equity for all and celebrating the heritage of America's many diverse communities, we will also broaden awareness and understanding of Jewish American heritage.

In order to confront and counter antisemitism, Americans must recognize and understand it. Far too many do not. Without awareness of antisemitism and education about the threat it poses, Americans across society cannot identify and address antisemitism. If we cannot name, identify, and admit a problem, we cannot begin to solve it.

Antisemitism is a stereotypical and negative perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred of Jews. It is prejudice, bias, hostility, discrimination, or violence against Jews for being Jews or Jewish institutions or property for being Jewish or perceived as Jewish. Antisemitism can manifest as a form of racial, religious, national origin, and/or ethnic discrimination, bias, or hatred; or, a combination thereof. However, antisemitism is not simply a form of prejudice or hate. It is also a pernicious conspiracy theory that often features myths about Jewish power and control.

There are several definitions of antisemitism, which serve as valuable tools to raise awareness and increase understanding of antisemitism. The most prominent is the non-legally binding "working definition" of antisemitism adopted in 2016 by the 31-member states of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), which the United States has embraced. In addition, the Administration welcomes and appreciates the Nexus Document and notes other such efforts.

The focus of this national strategy is on actions to counter antisemitism.

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May 27, 2023, 11:34 AM #3 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:37 AM by the faceless man
Pillar 2: Improve Safety and Security for Jewish Communities

All Americans deserve to practice their faith and pursue their lives without the threat or fear of attack or harassment. Many Jews and Jewish communities do not enjoy that peace of mind.31 Security measures like guards and metal detectors have tragically become precautions that many Jewish institutions want and need at a scale never seen before in American history. Yet these measures can also serve as an ever-present reminder of the threat, further feeding the fear and anxiety of the Jewish communities they protect.

We need a more holistic approach to improve safety and security for Jewish and other communities—one that prevents violence against Jewish communities and results in accountability, deterrence, and an effective response. We will pursue an approach to security that protects vulnerable Jewish communities in the near term and reduces the threat in the future.
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May 27, 2023, 11:36 AM #4 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:50 AM by the faceless man
Pillar 3: Reverse the Normalization of Antisemitism and Counter Antisemitic Discrimination

America's constitutional protections for robust free speech and tradition of free expression are a foundation of our democracy. While free speech allows for a vibrant public square, it also means that hateful, disgraceful, and even some threatening speech—including antisemitic speech—is constitutionally protected.

Alarmingly, antisemitism has been increasingly normalized in the public sphere. A majority of American Jews (69%) and the general U.S. adult population (82%) noticed antisemitism online in 2022, according to a survey from the American Jewish Committee.40 These views are far too often legitimized by public figures—making this language feel more acceptable for others in their daily lives and giving comfort to those who seek to engage in antisemitic acts, including violence.

The result is a climate of intimidation, anxiety, and genuine fear for Jewish communities across America, especially those who wear clothing or other items that visually identify them as Jewish. This is unacceptable. This Administration is committed to reversing the tide of normalized antisemitism by mobilizing a diverse and broad chorus of stakeholders to speak out and act against antisemitism at the national and local levels.
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May 27, 2023, 11:37 AM #5 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:49 AM by the faceless man
Pillar 4: Build Cross-Community Solidarity and Collective Action to Counter Hate

Antisemitism does not exist in a vacuum. While antisemitism has unique characteristics, people who express hatred toward Jews frequently hold other biases based on actual or perceived religion, race, ethnicity, national origin, sexual orientation, gender, or gender identity. The perpetrators of hate-fueled attacks frequently deploy rhetoric that contains antisemitic, anti-Black, and anti-LGBTQI+ themes. The Neo-Nazis who marched in Charlottesville in 2017 believed in a toxic brew of myriad hatreds. Those who target Jews also target women, Black, Latino, Muslim, AANHPI, and LGBTQ+ Americans, and so many other communities. One report found that 91% of Americans believe antisemitism is a problem for everyone, and yet, in many instances, Jews feel as though antisemitism is ignored, discounted, or not taken as seriously as other forms of hate and bigotry.

In the face of antisemitism, increased physical security is a vital and necessary precaution. But a sense of security also stems from a safety net of cross-community solidarity. That is why solidarity and mutual support across diverse communities of different backgrounds and beliefs is crucial. It is also one of our country's most important values. In September 2022, President Biden hosted the United We Stand Summit, gathering together Americans who represent the full spectrum of experience and diversity in our Nation to demonstrate solidarity against all forms of hate.
Still, targeted communities are often too siloed in their experiences of hate and attempts to combat it. Antisemitism and other forms of hate do not operate in isolation from each other; nor should the communities they target. Increasing space for deeper awareness, shared empathy, and action across communities is critical to preventing hate and building resilience in the face of rising antisemitic and other forms of hate-motivated violence.

It is imperative that non-Jewish and Jewish communities work together and stand up for each other in order to counter antisemitism and other forms of hate. It is essential that non-Jewish voices continue to speak out and intensify their efforts to combat antisemitism. These partners should reach into their own communities to explain the gravity and depravity of antisemitism, and also address specific instances of antisemitism that may arise. A diversity of voices and actors signals that antisemitism is not just a problem for Jews, but for all. At the same time, it is crucial that Jewish communities continue to speak out and intensify their efforts against other forms of hate that afflict so many different communities in America and support other communities when they are targeted.

We must all recognize that hate against one group of Americans threatens all other groups. Building on the United We Stand summit, the Administration will intensify its work to strengthen allyship across targeted communities and support efforts by other governmental actors and sectors to do the same. We will apply the lessons learned in developing this strategy to additional efforts to counter hate against other communities, including Muslim Americans, Sikh Americans, and other religious communities that experience hate-motivated violence and discrimination.
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May 27, 2023, 11:40 AM #6 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:54 AM by the faceless man
The Way Forward

This strategy represents the most comprehensive and ambitious effort to counter antisemitism in American history. We call for all actors—from the executive branch to Congress, from state and local governments to community and faith leaders, and from civil society to the private sector—to raise awareness about antisemitism and Jewish American heritage, safeguard Jewish communities, reverse the increasing normalization of antisemitism, and build allyship among diverse communities against all forms of hate. Everyone has a part to play in this effort.

This strategy sets clear goals, commits to new actions, and seeks to mobilize all of American society to counter antisemitism. It is a catalyst and a blueprint for the work ahead. Implementation and sustained focus on countering antisemitism is imperative if we, as a society, are to stem the tide of this hate and protect our democracy.

The Biden-Harris Administration will take the lead to implement this strategy, particularly the agency actions and commitments, through an ongoing interagency process, consisting of senior officials from agencies across the federal government, led and coordinated by the White House Domestic Policy Council and National Security Council. This interagency process will also encourage and support the whole-of-society actions called for in this strategy. This process will include working with bipartisan Members of Congress to pass needed legislation as well as ongoing engagement with state, local and nongovernmental stakeholders to advance the strategy's calls to action. This interagency process will convene at least semi-annually at the Principals' level to ensure expeditious implementation.

Strengthening democracy and accountability for hate in America is the ultimate long-term bulwark against rising antisemitism and other forms of hate. History shows that governments that value and support diversity and in which citizens feel empowered is one of the strongest antidotes to antisemitism, hate, and conspiracy theories.

We will continue to deliver for communities in our broader efforts to restore trust in government and protect democracy. We will continue to invest in strengthening the pillars, mechanics, and culture of democracy in America. We will continue to ensure that the large economic, private, and socio-cultural institutions that shape American life—from the tech sector to finance to media—are held accountable and serving the interests of ordinary people. The Administration will continue to invest in and promote civic virtues and urge all Americans to respect each other as fellow citizens.

Our country's culture of pluralism is one of our most cherished assets. We were founded on the idea that our whole is stronger than the sum of our parts. E pluribus unum: out of many, one.

This strategy represents a detailed plan to counter antisemitism in America as well as a foundation to tackle other forms of hate in our society, and to protect our greatest strength: our democracy.
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May 27, 2023, 11:43 AM #7 Last Edit: May 27, 2023, 11:47 AM by the faceless man

1 Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). "FBI Releases Supplement to the 2021 Hate Crime Statistics." March 13, 2023.

2 US Holocaust Memorial Museum. "Antisemitism in History: From the Early Church to 1400."

3 "Director Wray Addresses ADL at Never Is Now Summit." November 10, 2022.

4 ADL. "Antisemitic Attitudes in America: Conspiracy Theories, Holocaust Education and Other Predictors of Antisemitic Belief." March 17, 2023.

5 US Holocaust Memorial Museum. "Antisemitism in History: From the Early Church to 1400."

6 Library of Congress. "From Haven to Home: 350 Years of Jewish Life in America."

7 Public Broadcasting Service. "The Lynching of Leo Frank." August 17, 2021.

8 US Holocaust Memorial Museum, "Antisemitism in History: The Era of Nationalism, 1800-1918."

9 Greenberg, Susan H. "Intellectuals at the Gate." Inside Higher Ed. September 21, 2022.; Tablet Studios. "Gatecrashers." 2022.

10 Public Broadcasting Service. "The Father Coughlin Story." March 9, 2022.

11 US Holocaust Memorial Museum. "Charles Lindbergh Makes 'Un-American' Speech."

12 Whitman, James Q. "Hitler's American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law." Princeton University Press. February 21, 2017.

13 Gross, Daniel A. "The U.S. Government Turned Away Thousands of Jewish Refugees, Fearing that They were Nazi Spies." Smithsonian Magazine. November 18, 2015.

14 FBI. Ibid.

15 ADL. "Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2022." March 23, 2023.

16 Bauder, David. "What is 'great replacement theory' and how does it fuel racist violence?" Associated Press. May 16, 2022.

17 Eshed, Tom. "Antisemitism in the United States: A Critical Look at the Data, Monitoring, and Measurement." INSS. October 13, 2021.

18 ADL. "Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2021." May 3, 2022.; ADL. "Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2022."
March 23, 2023.

19 ADL. "Online Hate and Harassment: The American Experience 2022." June 20, 2022.

20 Ehsan, Rakib. "Weaponizing COVID-19: Far-Right Antisemitism in the United Kingdom and United States." Henry Jackson Society. 2020.

21 The Department of Justice. "Raising Awareness of Hate Crimes and Hate Incidents during the COVID-19 Pandemic." May 20, 2022. Page 11.

22 Associated Press, "Antisemitic Celebrities Stoke Fears of Normalizing Hate." December 4, 2022.

23 National Archives, "From George Washington to the Hebrew Congregation in Newport, Rhode Island, 18 August 1790."

24 The White House. "Statement from White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre on Inter-Agency Group to Counter Antisemitism." December 12, 2022.

25 Claims Conference. "First-Ever 50 State Survey on Holocaust Knowledge of American Millennials and Gen Z Reveals Shocking Results." September 16, 2020.

26 United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Report to Congress: Never Again Education Act (February 1, 2023).

27 "Rosen-led Never Again Education Act Signed into Law." May 29, 2020.

28 Lee, Matthew and Beck, Molly. "Assessing the Impact of Holocaust Education on Adolescents' Civic Values: Experimental Evidence from Arkansas." EDRE Working Paper 2019-08. March 25, 2019.

29 Gonzales, Matt. "Combating Antisemitism in the Workplace." Society for Human Resource Management. February 1, 2022.

30 The White House. "Executive Order on Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility in the Federal Workforce." June 25, 2021.

31 Huffnagle, Holly & Bandler, Kenneth. "The State of Antisemitism in America 2022: Insights and Analysis." April 14, 2023.

32 Freilich, Joshua and Steven Chermak. "Hate Crimes." June 2013.

33 Stening, Tanner. "Why Hate Crimes are Underreported and What Police Departments have to do with It." Northeastern Global News. August 23, 2021.

34 Huffnagle, Holly & Bandler, Kenneth. Ibid.
35 "Associate Attorney General Vanita Gupta Issues Statement on the FBI's Supplemental 2021 Hate Crime Statistics." March 13, 2023.

36 Von Mering, Sabine. "The Dark Side of Social Media: How it Fuels Antisemitism." May 13, 2022.

37 See;;

38 The White House. "Executive Order on Reducing Gun Violence and Making Our Communities Safer." March 14, 2023.

39 For more, see

40 AJC. "The State of Antisemitism in America 2022." 2023.

41 Heschel, Abraham Joshua. "The Reason for My Involvement in the Peace Movement." Moral Grandeur and Spiritual Audacity. pp. 224-6. 1997. ISBN: 037419980.

42 Duffy, Claire. "Tech Layoffs are hitting Ethics and Safety Teams." CNN. April 6, 2023.

43 Porter & Wood. "The global effectiveness of fact-checking: Evidence from simultaneous experiments in Argentina, Nigeria, South Africa, and the United Kingdom." July 21, 2021.; Brodsky et. al. "Improving college students' fact-checking strategies through lateral reading instruction in a general education civics course." March 31, 2021.

44 ADL. "Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2022." March 23, 2023.

45 ADL. "The ADL-Hillel Campus Antisemitism Survey: 2021." October 20, 2021. The ADL-Hillel Campus Antisemitism Survey: 2021 | ADL.

46 Hersh, Eitan. "Jewish College Students in America." Jim Joseph Foundation. August 2022.

47 U.S. Department of Education. "U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights Resolves Investigation Addressing the University of Vermont's Responses to Allegations of Antisemitic Incidents." April 3, 2023.

48 Santola, Danielle. "Anti-Semitic Drawings Discovered at Livingston Schools for Fifth Time in Four Months." TAP into Livingston. December, 22, 2022.

49 Asbury, Nicole. "Montgomery County schools toughen penalties after more antisemitic incidents." The Washington Post. February 22, 2023.

50 ADL. "Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2022." March 23, 2023.

51 U.S. Department of Education. Ibid.

52 Executive Order 13985, "Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government" (January 20, 2021) and Executive Order 14091, "Further Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government" (January 16, 2023).

53 AJC. Ibid.
54 Pollak, Suzanne. "Hundreds Gather to Declare Jews Are Welcome in Montgomery County." Montgomery Community Media. December 19, 2022.

55 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. "About the National Youth Health Strategy." May 25, 2022.

56 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. "President's Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition." October 29, 2021.

57 New York City Commission on Human Rights. "NYC Commission on Human Rights Launches Timely New Training to Understand Jewish Experiences and Antisemitism." April 13, 2022.

58 The White House. "Remarks by President Biden at the National Prayer Breakfast." February 3, 2022.

59 U.S. Department of Justice. "Texas Man Sentenced to Almost 25 Years for Hate Crime in Burning Down Mosque in Victoria, Texas." October 17, 2018.

60 U.S. Department of Justice "Justice Department Settles Claims Against Toms River, New Jersey Over Zoning Code that Restricts Houses of Worship." March 10, 2021. Justice Department Settles Claims Against Toms River, New Jersey Over Zoning Code That Restricts Houses of Worship | OPA | Department of Justice.
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May 27, 2023, 04:59 PM #8 Last Edit: May 28, 2023, 05:09 PM by the faceless man
Unite the Right began on August 11, 2017.


THe release date for "THE U.S. NATIONAL STRATEGY TO COUNTER ANTISEMITISM" by the Biden Administration was May 25 2023.

There are 2113 days from August 11, 2017 to May 25, 2023.


To annotate '2113 days' in Latin it would be "MMCXIII diebus"



2113 is the 319th prime number


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"unite the right" in Latin is 'coniungere ius'

The rally began on 8/11/2017


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May 29, 2023, 11:32 AM #11 Last Edit: May 29, 2023, 11:41 AM by the faceless man
Jewish organizations critique Biden's antisemitism strategy


While most Jewish organizations and Jewish leaders support US President Joe Biden's unprecedented broad strategy to combat antisemitism announced last week, some have added a hint of criticism to their comments.

Aside from entities such as the Republican Jewish Coalition that said "Joe Biden had a chance to take a strong stand against antisemitism and he blew it," a number of more central or a-political organizations have said they are worried about the definition of antisemitism as portrayed in the 60-page national strategy plan on combating antisemitism in the US.

One of the main legacy Jewish organizations, The World Jewish Congress (WJC), led by president Ronald Lauder, thanked the White House for the new plan, but also added some hinted criticism: "We must have concrete action, not just words," the WJC said towards the end of its statement reacting to the White House strategy. "The inclusion of a secondary definition in addition to the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) working definition of antisemitism is an unnecessary distraction from the real work that needs to be done," they said of the Nexus definition, that was included in the text referring to the different types of antisemitism.

THE STRATEGY specifically said that it acknowledges IHRA as the main definition of antisemitism but also acknowledged the existence of other definitions such as the Nexus Document, that is more to the left of the political map regarding its attitude towards Israel and to antisemitism.

Another legacy organization, B'nai B'rith, reacted to the new plan saying that they also see a problem with the addition of the Nexus definition. B'nai B'rith President Seth J. Riklin and CEO Daniel S. Mariaschin said in a statement that they are "disappointed in the document's mention of the Nexus definition of antisemitism." They added that "we believe that definition allows the more invidious of Israel's nemeses to hide their animus behind 'strident' criticism of Israel. The important and well-established IHRA definition addresses this issue in a far superior manner."

They emphasized that "even with those concerns we are deeply satisfied that the national strategy to fight antisemitism provides an invaluable investment in promoting and realizing tolerance, safety and security for Jews across the country."

THE COMBAT ANTISEMITISM Movement (CAM), one of the newest but central groups in promoting dialogue about antisemitism, especially online, reacted similarly. They too welcomed the new strategy, adding that they "would be remiss if we did not point out several reservations and suggestions as the Biden administration tries to implement this plan."

"While the strategy rightly raises alarm about antisemitism rooted in white supremacist ideology, it does not highlight enough the threats posed by other, equally menacing and potent, manifestations of Jew-hatred, including from the far-left and the radical Islamist communities in the US," CAM said, adding that contemporary antisemitism, in all its forms must be confronted with the same vigor and resources."

CAM also highlighted the issue they have with the addition of another definition than antisemitism, other than IHRA. "In addition to the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism, the strategy also praises alternative definitions, most notably the 'Nexus Document.'

"If the White House wants its strategy to be a success, it must center its implementation efforts solely around the IHRA definition, the most authoritative and widely-accepted tool to delineate all variations of modern-day antisemitism."

CAM also observed that one of the organizations chosen to implement some of the strategy was The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), a self-declared Muslim civil rights and advocacy group that the FBI severed ties with a number of years ago. "The guidance specifically stated that, until the FBI could determine whether there continued to be a connection between CAIR or its executives and Hamas, 'the FBI does not view CAIR as an appropriate liaison partner' for non-investigative activities," an official Justice Department document stated in 2013.

CAM said that "given CAIR's checkered history of regularly defaming and demonizing the Jewish people and state, it is not a legitimate partner in the collective effort against antisemitism."

They added that while they themselves were not mentioned in the report, "CAM, along with its 740 interfaith partners and millions of engaged grassroots followers, stands ready to do its part to assist in this vital endeavor to turn back the surging tide of antisemitism, both in the US and across the globe."

FOUNDED IN 2019, CAM has emerged as a leading voice in the fight against antisemitism. On their advisory board are former chairman of the Jewish Agency Natan Sharansky, Senator Joe Liberman, Rev. Johnnie Moore, Rabbi Stuart Weinblatt, a Conservative rabbi from the US, Dr. Irwin Cotler, Canada's Special Envoy on Holocaust Education and Antisemitism and Prof. Dina Porat, one of the world's top experts on antisemitism.

CAM's CEO is Sacha Roytman-Dratwa, who created the Digital Advocacy Unit at the WJC, as well as leading the #WeRemember Campaign for International Holocaust Remembrance Day, the world's largest digital educational campaign.

The STOP ANTISEMITISM organization only focused on the criticism of the new White House strategy. They said that they are "extremely disturbed by several key aspects of the White House's antisemitism strategy. Our country's crisis of Jew-hatred needs to be addressed clearly, completely and as a phenomenon unto itself and the Biden Administration's plan falls short on all counts."

STOP ANTISEMITISM added that this strategy was written "against the advice of major antisemitism advocacy organizations," and that "the plan does not use the IHRA definition to delineate what counts as antisemitism, instead relegating it to a brief paragraph that also includes the inferior, competing Nexus definition."

They explained that "not using IHRA as a foundational guide creates a gaping hole; while the plan acknowledges that Jews have been targeted because of their connection to Israel, it fails to name anti-Zionism as a primary form of antisemitism.

"The plan will not even allow antisemitism to stand alone, repeatedly mentioning planned executive actions to fight 'antisemitism, Islamophobia, and related forms of bias and discrimination.' Fighting Islamophobia and other bigotries is an excellent goal, but it does not belong in this particular antisemitism strategy," StopAntisemitism said.

StopAntisemitism is a grassroots watchdog organization dedicated to "exposing groups and individuals that espouse incitement towards the Jewish people and State and engage in antisemitic behaviors," according to their website. Founded in 2018, StopAntisemitism was born "in response to increasing antisemitic violence and sentiment across the US."

Senior officials in central Jewish organizations in the US said wholeheartedly that the White House strategy is "beyond expectations," yet that they are "worried about the fact that the Nexus definition of antisemitism was included," and that "anti-Zionism isn't necessarily seen as antisemitism," according to the new plan. Senior Israeli officials actually said that the fact that the progressive Jerusalem Definition of Antisemitism wasn't included, is a success. They added that "the fact that IHRA is mentioned as the main definition of antisemitism, means that anti-Zionism is perceived to be antisemitism."

The source added that the State Department, as well as the administration itself, has been using IHRA as the official definition for antisemitism and aren't planning on changing that. In addition, they explained, "more than half-of-the US States have already adopted IHRA," and therefore, "IHRA is the only definition that is used by law enforcement," in the US.

What are the differences between the IHRA and the Nexus definitions of antisemitism?

The IHRA definition is a non-legally binding statement that provides a broad and general description of antisemitism, accompanied by 11 illustrative examples that include criticism of Israel as a potential manifestation of antisemitism. The Nexus definition is a more recent and alternative definition that aims to provide a clearer and more precise description of antisemitism, with a focus on the nexus between antisemitism and Israel or Zionism. The Nexus definition also provides guidelines to identify when criticism of Israel or opposition to it crosses the line into antisemitism, without stifling legitimate debate or expression.

Another difference is that the IHRA definition has been widely adopted and endorsed by various governments, institutions and organizations around the world, while the Nexus definition has been supported by some academics and activists who are critical of the IHRA definition for being vague, ambiguous and susceptible to misuse. The two definitions have sparked controversy and debate among different Jewish communities and groups over how to best define and combat antisemitism in the 21st century. All of the mainstream Jewish organizations in the US have pushed for the administration to adopt the IHRA definition solely.

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